Friday, March 20, 2020
Discussion Discussion Psychology of Terrorism Psychology of Terrorism By saying, "He who fights monsters should see to it that in the process he does notbecome a monster,Ã¢â¬ (Faber & Holub, 2013). Friedrich Neitzsche meant that when one is fighting against a bad activity, they should not be swayed into joining it in the long run. Instead, they should remain focused and fight against it up to the bitter end. For instance, when a government wages war against terrorism, it should not succumb into any form of terrorist act. Otherwise, it would lose the essence and credibility of taking such an action. On the other hand, Ã¢â¬Å"When you gaze long into the Abyss, the Abyss also gazes into you" can be interpreted to mean that a long exposure to a dangerous truth might compel one to engage in such dangerous acts. In other words, when a person spends a lot of time advocating against certain perceived bad activities, they might be involved in such actions in the long run. Indeed, these assertions can be used to shed more light on the concept of psychology of terrorism. When a country is fighting against terrorism, it should be too careful not to attempt to practice what it is fighting against. By doing this, it would be contradicting itself. Surprisingly, a continued exposure to terrorism might compel them to engage in acts of terrorism. This can be used to justify the actions of the Federal Government of USA which, despite being in the forefront for fighting against world terrorism, has been accused of engaging in it (Fried, 2007). This has been seen in several occasions when it has been supporting, funding and protecting terrorist groups such as Al Qaeda and other outlawed Ã¢â¬ËjihadistsÃ¢â¬â¢ in Afghanistan and Syria.According to the psychology of terrorism, people become terrorists due to their extremist religious and ideological beliefs, personal frustrations, perceived financial gains and unending urge for socio-economic and political revolution (Stout, 2009). This is what motiv ates them to even offer their lives as ransoms for the sake of advancing their agenda, tormenting the Ã¢â¬ËdissentsÃ¢â¬â¢ and achieving their ultimate evil goals. ReferencesFaber, M. & Holub, R.C. (2013). Friedrich Neitzsche: Beyond Good and Evil. New York: Tribeca.Fried, R. (2007). Ã¢â¬ËThe psychology of the terrorist.Ã¢â¬â¢ In B. M. Jenkins (Ed), Terrorism and beyond: An international conference on terrorism and low-level conflict (pp. 119-124). Santa Monica, CA: Rand. Stout, E. (Ed) (2009) The psychology of terrorism: A public understanding (Vol. 1pp. 143-157). Westport, CT: Praeger Publishers.
Tuesday, March 3, 2020
Intellectual Quotes About Wisdom and Success Wisdom and knowledge are the foundation of all progress. Without the thinkers, scientists, and leaders of the past, we would not be where we are today. The quotes below capture some of their insights about wisdom and success. Sir Winston Churchill Success is the ability to go from failure to failure without losing your enthusiasm. Socrates The life which is unexamined is not worth living. The only true wisdom is in knowing you know nothing. MahatmaÃ Gandhi Live as if you were to die tomorrow. Learn as if you were to live forever. Benjamin Disraeli I must follow the people. Am I not their leader? Walter Scott For success, attitude is equally as important as ability. Thomas Jefferson Honesty is the first chapter in the book of wisdom. Albert Einstein Try not to become a man of success, but rather try to become a man of value. Bill Gates Success is a lousy teacher. It seduces smart people into thinking they cant lose. John Keats Heard melodies are sweet, but those unheard are sweeter. Henry David Thoreau All this worldly wisdom was once the unamiable heresy of some wise man. Its not what you look at that matters, its what you see. Lord Chesterfield In seeking wisdom thou art wise; in imagining that thou hast attained it- thou art a fool. Elizabeth Barrett Browning Gods gifts put mans best dreams to shame. Alfred Lord Tennyson Dreams are true while they last, and do we not live in dreams? Confucius Wisdom, compassion, and courage are the three universally recognized moral qualities of men. Ralph Waldo Emerson All life is an experiment. The more experiments you make the better. Adopt the pace of nature: her secret is patience. George Bernard Shaw We are made wise not by the recollection of our past, but by the responsibility for our future. Beware of false knowledge; it is more dangerous than ignorance. Success does not consist in never making mistakes but in never making the same one a second time. William Wordsworth Wisdom is ofttimes nearer when we stoop than when we soar. Saint Augustine Patience is the companion of wisdom. Anton Chekhov Knowledge is of no value unless you put it into practice. Franklin D. Roosevelt Happiness lies in the joy of achievement and the thrill of creative effort. Plato The first and greatest victory is to conquer yourself; to be conquered by yourself is of all things most shameful and vile. Henry David Thoreau Good for the body is the work of the body, and good for the soul is the work of the soul, and good for either is the work of the other. Charles Dickens Have a heart that never hardens, a temper that never tires, a touch that never hurts. John Muir In every walk with nature, one receives far more than he seeks. Buddha To enjoy good health, to bring true happiness to ones family, to bring peace to all, one must first discipline and control ones own mind. If a man can control his mind he can find the way to Enlightenment, and all wisdom and virtue will naturally come to him. Lao Tzu The journey of a thousand miles begins with one step.
Sunday, February 16, 2020
Science and Religion - Essay Example In this point, it is evident that Plantinga is trying to create a view that science and religion can support each other in line with one consistent belief about GodÃ¢â¬â¢s existence and his divine works. Plantinga has two remarkable major points. The first one is an assertion that God created humans in his own image and likeness. In this point, Plantinga strongly believes that God in any way is capable of creating humans with moral sense, and has the capacity to love him (American Philosophical Association Central Division Conference 2). He tries to argue that our contemporary view of evolutionary theory has been GodÃ¢â¬â¢s major way of creating the modern humans we know today. Believing that God has the capacity to create everything in the world, Plantinga considers the evolutionary process as GodÃ¢â¬â¢s major way of creating humans in the best possible option. This is evident from his opening statement in a conference. He stated that Ã¢â¬ËGod could have caused the right mut ations to arise at the right timeÃ¢â¬â¢ (American Philosophical Association Central Division Conference 2). In this manner, God is able to save the best species he intends to proliferate in this world through an evolutionary process. Plantinga believes that this sounds consistent with theistic religion and the theory of evolution and his main stand is to point out how it is unfailing with Darwinism as well.
Sunday, February 2, 2020
Harrisburg (state capital of Pennsylvania) Bankrupt - Essay Example The move took place when the legislature of the state considered implementing the rescue plane. Last year many bankruptcies were expected by the municipal state analysts. However, very few localities dared to take the step. The council took the decision Tuesday night, 11 October 2011, in a 4 to 3 vote .Immediately after a petition was faxed of chapter 9 bankruptcy to the United State Bankruptcy Court by a lawyer of the Council. It all started with an inefficient incinerator which the city owned since 1960s, a political plan in 1990s by the county favored the landfills over the incinerator and by 2003 the enterprise went under $104 million dept. the situation worsened when an amateurish company was hired to fix it made and the contractor fumbled through the project badly and took the dept $130 million. So the City Council chose to bankrupt rather then state sponsored plan of dealing with the debt. Even as the dispute over the legality of the appeal filed under the Bankruptcy Court continues Lawyers are becoming active to pass legislation prÃ ©cising a state takeover. Lawyer hired by Mayor Linda Thompson argued that the filing violated city and state laws as city law requires the mayor and city solicitor to sign off all the hiring of the outside lawyers and solicitors approval of the rules and resolutions is required that are being considered by the council and neither was done in this case. Ms Linda Thomson called this whole event an episode of Ã¢â¬Å"sneak attackÃ¢â¬ .(2) Council members like Brad Koplinski, attacked the mayors financial plans and said that state backed plans were already rejected by the council and largely because it demanded too little from the creditors. Because of the mentioned reason Ms. Thompson and Council had been locked in battle for months.Ms Thompson argued that the Council is hindering the path of
Saturday, January 25, 2020
Lord Of The Flies By William Golding Philosophy Essay In this paper I chose to analyze the book Lord of the flies written by William Golding as I believe it matches very well the field of organizational theory by presenting the contrast between different styles of leadership and the opposed actions of two very different leaders. I will emphasize four types of leadership styles: democratic, autocratic, laissez-faire and charismatic. I chose this book because in the novel, leadership plays a very important role, as it does in real life for us, because the characters need to feel some sense of security in order for them to survive. The situational leadership theory proposes that leaders choose the best course of action based upon situational variables. Different styles of leadership may be more appropriate for certain types of decision-making: for example in a situation where the leader is the most knowledgeable and experienced member of a group, an authoritarian style might be most appropriate, in other instances where group members are skilled experts, a democratic style would be more effective. The fundamental underpinning of the situational leadership theory is that there is no single best style of leadership. Effective leadership is task-relevant, and the most successful leaders are those that adapt their leadership style to the maturity of the individual or group they are attempting to lead or influence. Effective leadership varies, not only with the person or group that is being influenced, but it also depends on the task, job or function that needs to be accomplished. (http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Situa tional_leadership_theory) The existence of mankind on earth relies on various factors: the basic needs for humans to survive are food, water, shelter, but these are only the physical needs of man. Humans also have social and mental needs which require the existence of law in order to be able to coexist peacefully with themselves, the nature and the environment. The only way that law and order can be achieved in human society is by a higher authority, or some form of government or leader. William Golding tries to touch on some of these aspects of our civilization through the various characters he creates in his novel Lord of the Flies. (http://www.bookrags.com/essay-2005/12/13/185154/04/) The main theme of the novel is the conflict between two opposed instincts that exist within all human beings: the instinct to live by rules, act peacefully, follow moral commands, and value the good of the group against the instinct to gratify ones immediate desires, act violently to obtain supremacy over others, and enforce ones will. The two main leaders in the story, through their similar and different leadership characteristics and objectives fight back and forth to gain the discipline of the other boys on the island in order to gain the power to make the decisions that they feel should be made, sometimes for the better of the entire group, and sometimes for their own purpose. The leaders which are presented throughout the novel all have their own method of leading, and serve different purposes. The elected and democratic leader is Ralph while the self-appointed leader who tries to run a totalitarian society is Jack. In the beginning they work towards common goals, but eventually their different views on how to lead the group lead them into conflict. From the very beginning Ralph assumes primary responsibility for the groups tasks when he starts organizing their living, because he realizes that not doing so will result in savagery and moral chaos (Hynes, 59). Being aware of the situation in which they are, Ralph uses Piggys idea of the conch and takes the role of gathering the survivors. When the boys arrive in the island they automatically seek for some kind of law and order, since there are not any grown-ups. They want to belong to a group, with someone in charge to lead them, and make them feel safe. Ralph becomes this person, after being chosen in a democratic election. He tries to hear what everybody has to say. Let him be chief with the trumpet thing (Golding, 30). The conch is a symbol of democracy because it entitles everyone to having an opinion in all matters of importance. It also symbolizes law and order, everything which Ralph stands for. Although he is accepted as a leader in the beginning, his priorities as a leade r and way of thinking create conflict with some of the others. Theres another thing. We can help them to find us. If a ship comes near the island they might not notice us. So we must make a smoke on top of the mountain. We must make a fire. (Golding, 49) When one observes Ralphs actions, it becomes obvious that he is not only a task-motivated leader, but also a democratic leader, which results from the fact that he leads an expedition through the forest in order to find out if the island is deserted or not. Ralph also wants shelters to be built where they can sleep, branches to be collected for a signal fire and a specific place beyond the bathing-pool to be used as a lavatory. Furthermore, he introduces rules when he tells the boys that they have to have Hands up like at school (Golding, 31) and that only the person holding the conch is allowed to speak. In addition, the conch makes the boys feel they participate; when holding it they get a chance to speak their mind and the others must listen. It is a significant trait for a democratic leader to aim for an environment of equality. Without a doubt, Ralph is also a relationship-motivated leader. He is compassionate and caring when he tries to comfort the littluns (Golding, 61) by saying there is no beast to be afraid of. He is interested in what the other boys think and he listens to them and what they have to say before he makes decisions. His closest follower, Piggy, thinks a great deal about what has to be done and how they can do it and Ralph brings up Piggys ideas at the assemblies. In brief, these are all examples that support the fact that Ralph is a complex leadership figure. He wants to be a sympathetic and egalitarian leader who does not avoid his responsibilities, but he is only twelve years old and has neither the experience needed for the task, nor the support from the other boys. In the beginning, all the boys stand by the rules set by Ralph. After a while this society starts to break up as man has a way of choosing the easiest way out. The boys get tired of the responsibility and want to play, hunt and have fun. They do not want to get rescued as they are enjoying themselves too much. When moving on to the authoritarian leader, represented by Jack, we find a character who starts his advance for the role of leader at the very first assembly when he states that he is the rightful leader of the schoolboys since he is the head boy in the choir. He is arrogant and disrespectful when he yells at his choir and bullies Piggy by screaming Shut up Fatty! (Golding, 17). Jack feels humiliated when Ralph is elected. Although he temporarily gives in, Jack soon starts using different strategies to undermine Ralphs authority, and at the same time making himself more powerful. He stirs up the group by lying about Ralph having said that the hunters are bad at hunting. And even though Jack is the one who suggests that they need rules, and is quick to point out that the one who breaks them will be punished, he soon breaks them himself when he, for instance, speaks without holding the conch or makes himself heard above the other speakers (Olsen, 13). These actions are unopposed and we aken Ralphs leadership, and according to Kirsten Olsen it is the breaking of old rules and making his own (Olsen, 14) that paves the way for Jack coming to power. After being publicly humiliated when his attempt to have Ralph unseated fails, Jack decides to leave the group and have a fort of his own. Cunningly he tries to win people over from Ralphs camp by accusing him of being a coward and a bad hunter. Jack also offers the hungry boys meat if they leave Ralph and join his group instead. Not surprisingly most boys rather eat pork and play than pick berries and do tiresome chores under Ralphs command. As a result of Jacks behavior, one notices how Ralphs leadership style gradually changes into a laissez-faire leader. At one point he wonders what is going on: Things are breaking up. I dont understand why. We began well; we were happy (Golding, 87). Later he talks to the assembled boys and asks: Which is better, law and rescue, or hunting and breaking things up?(Golding, 200). According to Ralph the first alternative is the only possible one, but the others do not seem to agree with him. Jack is a charismatic leader who paints his face with clay before he goes hunting for pigs. The hunters join Jack because they feel as if the mask on Jacks face commands them to do so. Most boys just do what the leader says, or what the majority does, without thinking in terms of right and wrong or friendship, since they are afraid to be on their own, or even worse, a target of the other boys aggressions. Compared to the democratic leader Ralph, Jack is an authoritarian leader who yells at his peers to make his point, threatens them into obedience, makes them commit crimes as well as actually hurting them physically. An example of Jacks tactics when he finally is in power is the situation where he orders his subordinates to tie up the twins Sam and Eric, and then turns to Ralph, saying: See? They do what I want (Golding, 199). As a consequence of Jacks increasing number of followers, Ralph finds himself being the leader of only a few boys. One person, though, who never abandons him is Piggy, the representative of common sense. He desperately tries to adjust the situation on the island to conditions more like those at home and he asks: What are we? Humans? Or animals? Or savages? Whats grown-ups going to think? Going off hunting pigs letting fires out - (Golding, 98). Compared to Jack, who leads a primary group, the choir, Ralph, with the exception of Piggy, does not have a group of close and loyal allies. A typical example of how Ralph is betrayed by some of his followers is the actions of twins Sam and Eric. They try to avoid conflicts, and therefore never openly take a stand for Ralph. The end of Ralphs leadership is a fact when Jack and his band of hunters have killed Simon and Piggy, the two most devoted boys. There are no more boys to lead, and without followers Ralph can no longer be a leader. In conclusion, both leaders have different characteristics and priorities, which make them lead the group in different ways. Ralph is considered to be the elected leader and Jack the self-appointed leader. These leaders have different skills and different views on how to create society, which leads them into many conflicts. This just goes to show that humans cannot be trusted with power, as power corrupts. The moment Jack becomes the leader of his own group he turns into a savage and does things without thinking. The same can be said about governments in the world today, who start wars with the purpose of fulfilling their own needs, and they do not mind harming others to achieve their goals and objectives. Maybe humans really are savages that cannot live in peace and coexist on this earth with all the animals and the environment. It might be quite possible that Goldings view of humans as being the worst creatures on earth, is not very hard to comprehend, as you can relate to the conf licts created by leadership that are seen throughout the world.
Friday, January 17, 2020
A partnership is an arrangement between two or more groups, organizations or individuals to work together to achieve common aims. Effective partnership working must have some sort of personal stake in the partnership. All partners should work towards the same goal. The partners should have similar system of beliefs and work together over a reasonable period of time. Partners should understand the value of what each of them can contribute to the set aim. Both should respect and trust each other. Partnership working also shares creativity, and responsibility. Working together can highlight different issues, problem and solutions and there is more potential for productivity or effectiveness. All partners must always tell each other what is planned and consult everything together before making any decisions. They must act together as everyone working towards the same outcome. 1.2 Working in partnership with colleagues itÃ¢â¬â¢s very important .We all need to work in the same way and be consistent. People I work with on daily basis are the best source of advice and information needed when some issues may arise. By working together I am able to see all recorded information and being able to use them when needed .Communication within the home is a key to effective support .By working together everyone can be supported and all ideas can be taken into consideration on meetings and solving issues become easiest. Working with other professionals like Learning Disability team or Intensive support team also gives me a different point of view on situation and this way I receive support from qualified and understanding people. I can share information and seek advice .This way I get an excellent feedback and much needed support .Some individuals have a complex needs which are very difficult to cope and seeking support from others is very important .Organization receive different training and do specialize in giving help .Therefore maintaining good relationship with them is important to provide the quality support for Service Users. Working in partnership with advocates is needed when Individuals have a lack of capacity and have no one who can act on their behalf . Working together with independent advocates shows that setting follows the guidelines and regulations .Independent person can see the different point of the situations discussed and help to decide what isÃ the best for the person concerned .As a support staff will share all relevant information with them and act on the best interest of the individual. Working with families, Service users, friend of individuals give me a never ending source of informationÃ¢â¬â¢s so IÃ¢â¬â¢m able to provide the care they want .By working together we gain information and that can help make Individuals live easier in the care setting. This way parents feel valued and respected. Parents and family feel comfortable when visiting the setting talking to and planning with workers .Every opinion must be valued and treated seriously as we all want the best for the Service Users .Talking and working together with individuals gives us a chance to get to know they likes and dislikes and be able to make them happy. 1.3 Partnership is about relationship between people and the aim of it is to achieve what couldnÃ¢â¬â¢t be achieved alone. By working together we build a relationship. We improve outcomes and achieve more equal life for the individuals and better future for them. Because everyone works together Service User can feel safe and have choice of where and how they want to live. As staff I need to listen to them and give them choice and informationÃ¢â¬â¢s must be available in the right format .Individuals feel valued and respected. They know that there is a lot of different people who are happy to help and give advice .It also makes staff feel more valued as they have they say and their opinion is more valued what means that they are more happy to stay in the work place like that.
Thursday, January 9, 2020
Ludwig van Beethoven was beaten every day by his father. This was so Ludwig could become a prodigy just like Mozart. His father would deprive him of sleep so that Ludwig could get some extra rehearsal time. This man caused Beethoven to become a genius in music performance and composition. Imagine if he wasnÃ¢â¬â¢t made to learn about music. Since he is one of the greatest influential composers in music, his knowledge wouldnÃ¢â¬â¢t have been passed down through the generations. Students shouldnÃ¢â¬â¢t be forced to learn about music like Beethoven was, but they can choose to love it on their own. They can only get this opportunity if music programs are added to part of their education. When music education classes are added to the curriculum, the children benefit immensely. Music education only began a couple hundred years ago. It was started after Reverend Thomas Symmes ministered at a church which then became Ã¢â¬Å"the first American school dedicated solely to singingÃ¢â¬ ( Stanford). The schoolÃ¢â¬â¢s main purpose was to teach the children how to read music for religious celebrations. Over a hundred years later, the Boston Academy of Music was established. One of the founders wrote the Manual of Instruction, which is a published book used for teaching music education. Eventually this author, Lowell Mason, was allowed to instruct music education at the Hawes School since the book became so successful. After many years music was officially constructed into BostonÃ¢â¬â¢s school curriculum. Since then musicShow MoreRelatedMusic : Music And Music949 Words Ã |Ã 4 Pagesdefinition of music is very different to many people. Some say that music is the arrangement of sound and silence. Others like myself say music is that and much more. Music is an aural form of art that is used to express emotion and touch the hearts of the listener through the use of phrasing, dynamics, style and tone color. Music is a very universal art form. There are not many people in this world who do not listen to at least some form of music weather it be pop or rock music on the radio, orRead MoreThe Music Of Music And Music1518 Words Ã |Ã 7 Pageswill be. For instance, in the music section of my Perceiving the Performing Arts class, our Professor made the class, consisting of musicians and non-musicians, sing the next chord that he was going to play and we all successfully did. Just like with language, in a simple sentence we can assume the next word. Like in this sentence Ã¢â¬Å"the piano is out of __,Ã¢â¬ we expect the next word to be Ã¢â¬Å"tune.Ã¢â¬ This is because thereÃ¢â¬â¢s some kind of neural connection that we have between music and pleasure. So how doesRead MoreMusic, Music And Music1293 Words Ã |Ã 6 Pagessociety has evolved, but through music. It has been a vessel used to evince key emotions when words do not seem to be enough. The dulcet hum of the violin or even the sharp notes from an electric guitar are more than enough to express those intangible, yet impressionable feelings that cannot be fully appreciated through words. However, combine words and music together and the composer has a tool that can awaken a thousand souls all at once. Over the millenniums, music has had a profound ability toRead MoreMusic, Music And Music730 Words Ã |Ã 3 PagesReporting the Southern sounds from the Web When delving into the historical music and sounds of the South for research purposes one might need to encounter a website with all the content they require. According to the website, https://folkways.si.edu/ known as Ã¢â¬Å"FolkwaysÃ¢â¬ , a subset page from the archives of the Smithsonian museum discusses material relating to the American South, but most of the content pertaining to music. With music being the primary focus of the website, it did not exclude text to appearRead MoreThe Music Of Music And Music1833 Words Ã |Ã 8 Pagescaused Beethoven to become a genius in music performance and composition. Imagine if he wasnÃ¢â¬â¢t made to learn about music. Since he is one of the greatest influential composers in music, his knowledge wouldnÃ¢â¬â¢t have been passed down through the generations. Students shouldnÃ¢â¬â¢t be forced to learn about music like Beethoven was, but they can choose to love it on their own. They can only get this opportunity if music programs are adde d to part of their education. When music education classes are added to theRead MoreMusic And The Music Of Music1929 Words Ã |Ã 8 Pagesbeen in both chorus and band, along with general music classes through fifth grade. Although, I did not have very much knowledge on music history or the many different music composers. My knowledge in music was mainly revolved around music theory and harmony. When the semester began I was not positive what was in store for me, however what I was sure about was two things. One, I would love whatever we learn for I have a deeply rooted love for music. And two, I would leave this class with an abundanceRead MoreThe Music Of Music And Music Essay2736 Words Ã |Ã 11 Pages The same colors of music have been used to paint unique masterpieces throughout history. From Mozart to Michael Jackson and Beethoven to Bob Marley, the behaviors of soundÃ¢â¬â melodies, harmonies and chordsÃ¢â¬â have been manipulated by individuals to communicate their soulÃ¢â¬â¢s message to the masses. The connections between music from the renaissance to contemporary tunes is quite surprising. The Beatles weren t the first ones to talk about love, life struggles or heartache. These have been common themesRead MoreMusic Is Music For The Sake Of Music1327 Words Ã |Ã 6 PagesAbsolute music is music simply for the sake of music. This means music with no attached program or meaning. One is brought to wonder about absolute music; can it be that instrumental music can really have meaning? When one thinks of music with meaning, their mind is automatically drawn to think of program music, which is music with an attached meaning. Can our minds truly add meaning to instruments wit h no predisposed purpose? All through our lives we hear music on the radio, loud pumping music blastingRead MoreMusic : Music And Alternative Music978 Words Ã |Ã 4 PagesThroughout time, music has become an innovation which influences generation after generation. It has always been a significant part of citizen everyday lives. It creates mixed emotions for every individual in any situation that they are a part of. There are many genres of music in specific cultures. All music has its own individuality to it but two in particular have unique and similar qualities, Indie music and Alternative music, through its musical structure, publishing with record labels, andRead MoreMusic And Music1120 Words Ã |Ã 5 PagesBeyond the Patient Music being used to heal truly goes beyond just the patient. Music is capable of not only healing that patient, but also the families, staff, and artist. Families that have ill infants are often spending countless hours at the hospital. Even though that situation is never ideal for any family, they try to spend as much time with their little bundle of joy to let them know they are loved. As said prior, the hospital setting in itself is a stressor but not only for the patients,